The function : To express about ability, inability, possibility, asking and permission.

1. Can : dapat, sanggup, mampu, bisa

(+)S + Can + V1 + O + Adverb

(-)S + Can + not + V1 + O + Adverb

(?)Can + S + V1 + O + Adverb

Example :

(+)The small boy can swim for one kilometer

(-)The small boy can not swim for one kilometer

(?)Can the small boy swim for one kilometer?

     Yes, he can  No, he can’t

 

2. Be able to : dapat, sangup, mampu

(+)S + tobe (am, is, are) + able to + V1 + O + Adverb

(-)S + tobe (am, is, are) +  not + able to + V1 + O + Adverb

(?)tobe (am, is, are) + S + able to + V1 + O + Adverb

Example :

(+)We are able to answer your test well

(-)We are not able to answer your test well

(?)Are we able to answer your test well?

es, we can  No, we can’t

 

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3. Could : telah dapat, telah mampu, telah sangup

(+)S + Could + V1 + O + Adverb

(-)S + Could + not + V1 + O + Adverb

(?)Could + S + V1 + O + Adverb?

Example :

(+)She could climb the big tree fast

(-)She could not climb the big tree fast

(?)Could she climb the big tree fast?

Yes, she can   No, she can’t

 

4. Be going to : akan

(+) S + tobe (am, is, are) + going to + V1 + O + Adverb

(-) S + tobe (am, is, are) +  not + going to + V1 + O + Adverb

(?) tobe (am, is, are) + S + going to + V1 + O + Adverb

Example :

(+)The girl are going to learn Japanese tomorrow

(-)The girl are not going to learn Japanese tomorrow

(?)Are the girl going to learn Japanese tomorrow?

Yes, they are  No, they are

 

5. Used to : biasanya ( to express about habitual and action)

(+)S + Used to + V1 + O + Adverb

(-)S + Used to + not + V1 + O + Adverb

(?)Used to + S + V1 + O + Adverb?

Example :

(+)He used to ride a red motorbike

(-)He used not to ride a red motorbike

(?)Used he to ride a red motorbike?

Yes, he can  No, he can’t

 

6. Ought to : seharusnya, harus

(+ ) S + Ought + to + V1 + O + Adverb

( - ) S + Ought + not + to + V1 + O + Adverb

( ? ) Ought + S + to + V1 + O + Adverb?

Example :

(+)He ought to make a new kite

(-)He ought not to make a new kite

(?)Ought he to make a new kite?

     Yes, he ought  No, he ought not


Penulis : Dunyati Ilmiah